What exactly is this goal?: Climate change is a phenomenon that affects every single country and person in the world. Global warming continues to increase, greenhouse gas emissions are currently 50% higher compared to 1990 levels, and it is expected that by 2030 there will be a further increase of 45%, unless they are immediately counteracted. There are direct consequences for the planet, causing warmer oceans, a rise in sea level, the melting of polar glaciers and extreme weather events, such as fires, desertification, drought, earthquakes, floods and tsunamis. These phenomena also have an impact on people, destroying crops, making it difficult to access water, causing diseases and blocking real social and economic progress. The consequences of climate change may be irreversible if urgent measures are not taken. SDG 13 seeks to introduce climate change as the primary issue on the political agenda, in the strategies and programmes of national and regional governments, and of firms and civil society, improving the response to the problems created such as natural disasters, and promoting education and raising awareness of the entire population.

Corporate role: the private sector can develop strategies to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions, through the use of renewable energy instead of fossil fuels. Further information

How to measure the corporate contribution: some indicators to evaluate corporate actions include: external verification of greenhouse gas emissions generated directly and indirectly; reductions in greenhouse gas emissions; the volume of investments in renewable energy; and the total expenditure and investment in environmental protection.